Today in History: January 4
Today is Friday, Jan. 4, the fourth day of 2019. There are 361 days left in the year.
Today’s Highlight in History:
On Jan. 4, 1965, President Lyndon B. Johnson delivered his State of the Union address in which he outlined the goals of his “Great Society.”
On this date:
In 1896, Utah was admitted as the 45th state.
In 1904, the U.S. Supreme Court, in Gonzalez v. Williams, ruled that Puerto Ricans were not aliens and could enter the United States freely; however, the court stopped short of declaring them citizens. (Puerto Ricans received U.S. citizenship in March 1917.)
In 1935, President Franklin D. Roosevelt, in his State of the Union address, called for legislation to provide assistance for the jobless, elderly, impoverished children and the handicapped.
In 1943, for the second time, Soviet dictator Josef Stalin made the cover of TIME as the magazine’s 1942 “Man of the Year.”
In 1951, during the Korean War, North Korean and Communist Chinese forces recaptured the city of Seoul (sohl).
In 1960, author and philosopher Albert Camus (al-BEHR’ kah-MOO’) died in an automobile accident in Villeblevin, France, at age 46.
In 1964, Pope Paul VI began a visit to the Holy Land, the first papal pilgrimage of its kind.
In 1974, President Richard Nixon refused to hand over tape recordings and documents subpoenaed by the Senate Watergate Committee.
In 1987, 16 people were killed when an Amtrak train bound from Washington, D.C., to Boston collided with Conrail locomotives that had crossed into its path from a side track in Chase, Maryland.
In 1995, the 104th Congress convened, the first entirely under Republican control since the Eisenhower era.
In 2002, Sgt. 1st Class Nathan Ross Chapman, a U.S. Army Special Forces soldier, was killed by small-arms fire during an ambush in eastern Afghanistan; he was the first American military death from enemy fire in the war against terrorism.
In 2006, the U.S. Supreme Court agreed that Jose Padilla (hoh-ZAY’ puh-DIL’-uh), held for 3 1/2 years as an “enemy combatant,” could be transferred to civilian authorities in Miami.
Ten years ago: New Mexico Gov. Bill Richardson announced he was withdrawing his nomination to be President-elect Barack Obama’s commerce secretary amid a grand jury investigation into how some of his political donors had won a lucrative state contract. (Prosecutors later declined to bring charges against Richardson.) A female suicide bomber struck Shiite pilgrims in Baghdad, killing 38.
Five years ago: The city center of Iraq’s Fallujah fell completely into the hands of fighters from the al-Qaida-linked Islamic State in Iraq and Levant. Thirty-one workers were killed in the collapse of a building under construction in Canacona, Goa, in southern India.
One year ago: The Trump administration moved to vastly expand offshore drilling from the Atlantic to the Arctic oceans with a five-year plan that would open up federal waters off of California for the first time in decades and possibly open new areas of oil and gas exploration along the East Coast. A massive winter storm roared into the East Coast, dumping as much as 17 inches of snow in some areas. The Dow Jones Industrial Average burst through the 25,000 mark, closing at 25,075.13 just five weeks after its first close above 24,000. Ray Thomas, a founding member of the British rock group the Moody Blues, died at his home south of London at the age of 76, months before the band would be inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame.
Today’s Birthdays: Actress Barbara Rush is 92. Football Hall of Fame coach Don Shula is 89. Opera singer Grace Bumbry is 82. Actress Dyan Cannon is 80. Author-historian Doris Kearns Goodwin is 76. Country singer Kathy Forester (The Forester Sisters) is 64. Actress Ann Magnuson is 63. Rock musician Bernard Sumner (New Order, Joy Division) is 63. Country singer Patty Loveless is 62. Actor Julian Sands is 61. Rock singer Michael Stipe is 59. Actor Patrick Cassidy is 57. Actor Dave Foley is 56. Actress Dot Jones is 55. Actor Rick Hearst is 54. Singer-musician Cait O’Riordan is 54. Actress Julia Ormond is 54. Tennis player Guy Forget (ghee fohr-ZHAY’) is 54. Country singer Deana Carter is 53. Rock musician Benjamin Darvill (Crash Test Dummies) is 52. Actor Josh Stamberg is 49. Actor Jeremy Licht is 48. Actor Damon Gupton is 46. Actress-singer Jill Marie Jones is 44. Actress D’Arcy Carden is 39. Alt-country singer Justin Townes Earle is 37. Christian rock singer Spencer Chamberlain (Underoath) is 36. Actress Lenora Crichlow is 34. Comedian-actress Charlyne Yi is 33. Actress-singer Coco Jones is 21.
Thought for Today: “What we call the beginning is often the end. And to make an end is to make a beginning. The end is where we start from.” – T.S. Eliot (1888-1965).